Environmental & Social Review Summary (ESRS)

Note: This constitutes the second update to the Environment and Social Review Summary (ESRS) following disclosure of the original document in April 2017.  The first update to the ESRS occurred in August 2017.

The reason for the update in August 2017 was that additional information was made available during the stakeholder consultation process in mid-July 2017 on the draft Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report. This information indicated that; i) a limited number of villagers claimed they had not received compensation for economic displacement due to the project activities.  Thus, the company commenced engaging with these individuals to confirm the claims and address the associated concerns where applicable; further information is detailed below; and ii) in relation to PS7: Indigenous Peoples, IFC originally had concluded that the ethnic minorities present were Indigenous Peoples (IP) and that they were substantively integrated into the mainstream Burman culture.

For the reasons described below (refer to the “Identified Applicable Performance Standards” section), PS7 was not considered applicable then, and upon reviewing draft ESIA report’s findings, IFC’s conclusion on the applicability remains unchanged. However, based on the feedback from the stakeholder consultation in July 2017, it was agreed with stakeholders that further work would be undertaken to clarify the issue of whether the ethnic groups fulfill the PS7 criteria defining them as IP’s. The first update to the ESRS also provided an update to the GHG emissions associated with the project with the resulting predictions being lower than that originally defined.

This second update to the ESRS specifically provides further information on the additional work undertaken to assess whether the ethnic groups should be defined as IPs in accordance with PS7 and is detailed under the section of this ESRS which provides information on the Performance Standards which are applicable to the project.  In addition, certain figures such as that related to the quantities of materials
used in production and the size of communities amongst others have been updated, however these are not considered significant updates and are focused on ensuring accuracy thereof.

Further updates to the ESRS will be provided in due course.

The project involves a $15 million equity investment and a $20 million loan to Shwe Taung Cement Limited (“the company” or “STC”) to support a brownfield expansion of an existing cement plant located within the Mandalay Region of Myanmar.  IFC will also provide support to mobilize additional debt and equity for the company.

STC is part of the Shwe Taung Group, one of the leading corporations in Myanmar which aside from the cement operations, is involved in the supply of construction materials, real estate development, trading, retail and hospitality, and energy projects. STC is the holding company for the Group’s cement plant, Shwe Taung Mining Limited (“STM”) and High Tech Concrete Co. Limited (“HTC”).

The cement plant commenced operations in 2014 and is located on 184 hectares within a valley of the Tha Pyae mountain range (map link: http://bit.ly/2o8EKwG). The closest community is Kyubin village (56 households) located some 3 km north of the plant. This village is accessed via a road that bypasses the plant and connects with the main access road to the site.  This main access road connects with the larger community of Pyi-Nyaung (598 households) which is located approximately 7 km south of the site.  Pyi-Nyaung is situated adjacent to a major road which connects Thazi town to Taunggyi, the capital of Shan State which is 72 km away from the site.  Beyond these villages there are no other communities in proximity to the site.

Currently the cement plant has a 1,500 tons per day capacity kiln, limestone crusher, storage facilities for limestone, mudstone, gypsum, coal, clinker and cement, administrative offices, staff accommodation, various workshops and equipment storage facilities.  The proposed expansion of the cement plant will occur within the confines of the existing plant on land previously cleared and will include a new 4,000 tons
per day capacity kiln with 8.8 MW waste heat recovery unit, an additional limestone crusher, new limestone storage area, clinker silo and another cement grinding mill.  Also, a staff accommodation village will be built as part of the project.

A mudstone quarry is located immediately west of the cement plant and cover an area of some 68 hectares for the supply of mudstone to the plant. Some 97,500 tons of mudstone is currently extracted per annum (pa) from the quarry and once the plant has expanded, the plant will require an additional 260,000 tons pa of mudstone; the mudstone is transported via road to the plant.

Some 800m east of the plant is a 243-hectare limestone quarry with limestone extracted via the drill and blast method. Approximately 715,000 tons of limestone is required annually for the existing operating capacity and following the expansion, an additional 2.9 million tons pa of limestone will be required. Limestone is presently transported by road to the limestone crusher located on the plant boundary, however as part of the expansion, a belt conveyor will be installed to transfer limestone directly to the crushers from the quarry.

STM operates the mudstone and limestone quarries and a coal mine located in Sagaing region in western Myanmar, about 150 km from the plant site (map link: http://bit.ly/2o8U8Ju) which supplies coal to the cement plant, its sole customer for coal.  The coal mine covers an area of some 1,376 hectares and is 15 km in length and 900 meters wide.  The villages of Paluzawa (59 households), Chaungzon (19 households) and Nanmawke (14 households) are located 5 km to the west of the mine and are the only

communities located in proximity to the facility.   Coal extraction is via the open cast method with annual production currently at some 80,000 tons per annum and this will increase to 150,000 tons once the expansion is complete.  Additional coal as required by the cement plant is sourced locally from suppliers and traders which supply to various customers and not exclusively to STC. Following the expansion, coal may need to be imported as well.  Coal from the mine is transported via a 11 km road and then stored at a staging area located adjacent to the Chindwin River.  From this point the coal is transported via barge to Mandalay and then by road to the plant which is some 220 km.   The coal mine only operates during the dry season for up to 6 months and stockpiles coal for the remaining time of the year as used at the cement plant.  There is a small office and fuel storage area adjacent to the coal staging area, while the main storage area and machinery / vehicle staging areas for the coal mine along with accommodation facilities for workers is located at a base camp situated near the Paluzawa village. As part of the project a new unpaved 5 km road will be built to connect the staging area and the coal mine.

The cement plant currently consumes 11 MW supplied from the national grid via a 33kV transmission line.  In addition to this line the company will construct a new 66kV transmission line (10 km) to supply the cement plant and thus the increased supply to STC will be 36 MW which will require a new transformer on-site.

The livelihoods of communities near cement/quarrying/coal mining sites are forest-based, with income derived from the removal and sale of timber and non-timber-forest-products (e.g. medicinal herbs) fromlocal forests. Community members near the cement site also provide trucking and other ancillary services to those extracting timber and some operate or work at local artisanal lime kiln operations as another major source of income. As a result of improved access roads constructed by STC so as to build the cement plant, access to forest areas by existing local communities, and therefore income derived from forest product extraction, has been enhanced. This has contributed to improved community livelihoods which have been further supported via the direct and indirect economic benefits of having the cement plant operations in the respective areas.

Households at Pyi-Nyaung, Paluzawa, Chaungzon, and Nanmawke also grow staple and cash crops (e.g. groundnuts; sunflower) for their own consumption, and for sale. Near the coal mining site, fishing activities in local rivers and creeks are also an important source of food.

HTC currently has 17 concrete batching plants located throughout Myanmar.  The largest facility which is located in Yangon occupies 2 hectares and has a 90 m3 and 60 m3 per hour batching plant.  HTC also is operating with 137 concrete mixer vehicles of which 102 operate in the broader Yangon area.  Sand and aggregate is supplied in bulk to this facility via barge and from here these materials are dispatched to other plants via road; cement is supplied in bulk to all plants and is sourced via STC, or from other manufactures.

STC is currently in discussions with Wuhan Building Material Industry Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of China National Building Material Co., Ltd. (CNBM), a Chinese construction company with extensive experience in cement, for expansion of the new plant on an engineering, procurement, construction (EPC) basis. Initial limited construction works have commenced and the EPC contractor is
expected on site in the latter half of 2017; construction of the plant will take approximately 2 years.

The document presenting the Supplementary Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Report for STC Cement Plant & Associated Facilities in Myanmar can be downloaded here.

For more information, please visit IFC website at  https://disclosures.ifc.org/#/projectDetail/ESRS/38831